Journal Articles


A Survey of Elite Scientists: Their Attitudes Toward ESP and Parapsychology. Journal of Parapsychology, 46, 2, 1982, 127-152.

Terrorism as Persuasion: Possibilities and Trends. Sociological Focus, 21, 1, 1988, 53-66.

A Survey of Chinese Anomalous Experiences and Comparison with Western Representative National Samples. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 27, 3, 1988, 421-426.

Firewalking in Japan, Sri Lanka, and the USA: The Social Uses of an Unusual Phenomenon. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 29, 3-4, 1988, 202-213.

Chinese and American Anomalous Experiences: The Role of Religiosity. Sociological Analysis, 51, 1, 1990, 53-67.

Parapsychological Legitimacy and Social Change. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 84, 1990, 127-143.

Near-Death Folklore in Medieval China and Japan: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Folklore Studies, 50, 1991, 319-342.

Social Science and Anomalous Experience: Paradigms for Investigating Sporadic Social Phenomena. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 85, 1991, 25-41.

Social Scientific Paradigms for Investigating Anomalous Experience. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 5, 1991, 191-203.

The Experiential Foundations of Shamanic Healing. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 18, 1993, 107-127.

Surveys of Anomalous Experience in Chinese, Japanese, and American Samples. Sociology of Religion, 54. 1993, 295-302.

Surveys of Anomalous Experience: A Cross-Cultural Analysis. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 88, 1994, 117-135.

The Incubus in Film, Experience, and Folklore. (Co-authored with Emily D. Edwards, Ph.D.) Southern Folklore, 52. 1995, 3-18.

Aspirations to Play Professional Football Among Black and White Undergraduates: Surveys of Three Intercollegiate Teams. (Co-authored with Tammy Riddick) Challenge, a Journal of Research on African American Men, 6, 1995, 29-40.

The Experience of Care Project: Students as Participant Observers in the Hospital Setting. Academic Medicine, 71, 1996, 923-929.

Shamanic Healing, Human Evolution, and the Origin of Religion. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 36, 3, 1997, 345-354.

Biological Evolution and Prevalent Theories Regarding the Origin of Religion: A Review and Critique (co-authored with Jennifer Nooney). Journal of the International Society of Life Information Science, 17, 1999, 12-19.

Spiritual Healing and Folklore Research: Evaluating the Hypnosis/Placebo Theory, Alternative Therapies, 3, 2000, 61-66.

Content Analysis of an Anomalous Memorate Collection: Testing Hypotheses Regarding Universal Features. Sociology of Religion, 61, 2000, 155-169.

Content Analysis of an Anomalous Experience Collection: Evaluating Evolutionary Perspectives. Journal of Parapsychology, 66, 2002, 291-315.

The Coverage of Parapsychology in Introductory Psychology Textbooks: 1990-2002 (Miguel Roig, Mathew D. Smith, and Gillian Ferrier, co-authors), Journal of Parapsychology, 2003, 76, 203, 167-179.

Rootlore as Therapy: Evolutionary Impacts of Ritual Suggestion, Journal of Ritual Studies, 19, 2005, 115-128.

Content Analysis of a Predominately African-American Near-Death Experience Collection: Evaluating the Ritual Healing Theory, Journal of Near-Death Studies, 23, 2005, 159-181.

Kongo Near-Death Experiences: Cross-Cultural Patterns, Journal of Near-Death Studies, 25, 2006, 21-34.

Evaluating Secondary Trauma: Social Adjustment, Father-offspring Relationship, and Religiosity of Students in Tehran, (co-authored with Mohammad Khodayarifard, Ph.D., Professor and Clinical Child Psychologist, University of Tehran), Journal of Loss and Trauma, 15, 2009, 43-53.

Specific Phobia Treatment through Cognitive-Behavioural Family Therapy: Iranian Case Study, (co-authored with M. Khodayarifard, A. Pritz, A. Parand). International Journal of Psychotherapy, 14, 2010, 28-36.

Family Therapy in Iran: An OCD Case Study, (co-authored with Mohammad Khodayarifard, Ph.D., Professor and Clinical Child Psychologist, University of Tehran), Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 39, 2011, 78-89.

Evolutionary Theories of Schizophrenia: An Experience-Centered Review, Journal of Mind and Behavior, 32, 2011, 135-150.

A Community Survey of Psychological Symptoms: Evaluating Evolutionary Theories Regarding Shamanism and Schizophrenia, Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15, 2012, 799-816.

A Community Survey of Anomalous Experiences: Correlational Analysis of Evolutionary Hypotheses, Journal of Parapsychology, 77, 2013, 55-78.

Secondary Analysis of Sitter Group Data: Testing Hypotheses from the PK Literature, Journal of Parapsychology, 83, 2019, 209-231.


A Summary of an Investigation of a Haunting in Baltimore. Theta, 9, 4, 1981, 12-14.

Issues in Skeptic-Believer Cooperation. Research in Parapsychology 1981, Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1982, 16-17.

Firewalking at Mount Takao. Archaeus, 1, 1, 1983, 25-28.

The Sociology of Haunting Investigation.  Pursuit, 16, 4, 1983, 158-161.

Variations on a Theme From Batcheldor: A Variety of Theories Regarding the Induction of PK. Research in Parapsychology 1982, Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1983, 48-52.

Firewalking in Sri Lanka. Psi Research, 2, 4, 1983, 98-101.

A Comment on Firewalking. Psi Research, 3, 2, 1984, 92-94.

Firewalking and Psychic Surgery: Defining the Paranormal by Investigating its Boundaries. Journal of Indian Psychology, 4, 2, 1985, 85-97.

A Remote Viewing Experiment Conducted by a Skeptic and a Believer. (With Ray Hyman), Zetetic Scholar, 12&13, 1987, 21-33.

Parapsychology in Japan. Parapsychology Review, 20, 4, 1989, 13-15.